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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Exclusive and Shared Competences in Federal Systems

José Maria Serna de la Garza

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2021

Delegated powers — Fiscal federalism — Federal judicial systems — State sovereignty and states' rights — Political philosophy of federalism

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. The term federalism refers to an organizational form that can be adopted by a state, whose basic characteristic is the vertical separation of powers among different levels of government. This state form has been the object of countless studies and analysis from a wide variety of perspectives; studies that have tried to shed light on the nature and the operation of an institutional structure under which at least 25 national political communities exist today: South Africa, Germany, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada,...
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