1. Federalism has been defined as the combination of constitutionally guaranteed shared-rule and self-rule among a number of sub-units jointly constituting the federation (Kincaid in Griffiths (ed) 8–9). Thus, sovereignty is divided between the national (federal) level and the component federal units (often referred to as states) (Watts (2008) 8–9) (see also political philosophy of federalism). 2. Federal systems are very often the result of compromise among competing groups. In some federations, the compromise is about different cultural interests such as...
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