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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Corruption and Bribery

Chen Siyuan, Sui Yi Siong

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 April 2021

Corruption and bribery — Criminal penalties

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. In popular expression, and even in a number of scholarly works, the terms ‘corruption’ and ‘bribery’ have been treated as synonyms with little difference in meaning (Boersma). However, as explained below, the two terms do have distinct meanings. 2. The word ‘corruption’ traces its roots to the Latin word corruptus, which means ‘to break’ (Nicholls). As explained by the UK Law Commission’s consultation paper ‘Legislating the Criminal Code: Corruption’ (15 January 1997), the verb ‘to corrupt’ means ‘to destroy or pervert the integrity or fidelity of (a person) in...
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