1. The death penalty, otherwise known as capital punishment, refers to the punishment of death upon the judicial conviction of an offence. Offences punishable by the death penalty are commonly known as capital offences. Examples of capital offences include murder, drug-trafficking, and terrorism. Depending on the legislation in question, the death penalty may be mandatory for certain offences, regardless of mitigating circumstances or the gravity of the crime; conversely, the court may have some discretion to sentence the convicted person to an imprisonment term...
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