In February 2011, the wave of unrest sweeping the Arab world reached Bahrain, a monarchy ruled by a Sunni family, inciting mass anti-government protests mainly by the Shi’a majority of the population. Although an estimated number of 400,000 Bahraini citizens participated in the protests and not only called for the establishment of a constitutional monarchy but also demanded the withdrawal of the ruling Al-Khalifa family, the small Gulf archipelago remains comparatively strong and refuses to implement substantial reforms. The national dialogue process reached an...
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